Item - 2019.HL11.1

Tracking Status

  • City Council adopted this item on November 26, 2019 without amendments.
  • This item was considered by Board of Health on November 12, 2019 and was adopted with amendments. It will be considered by City Council on November 26, 2019.

HL11.1 - Community Violence in Toronto - A Public Health Approach

Decision Type:
ACTION
Status:
Adopted
Wards:
All

City Council Decision

City Council on November 26 and 27, 2019, adopted the following:

 

1.  City Council urge the Federal Government to:

 

a.  prohibit the availability, sale, possession, and use of handguns, assault rifles, semi-automatic military assault weapons, and parts that are used to build firearms in Canada; and

 

b.  adequately fund its Initiative to Take Action Against Gun and Gang Violence and consult with the Federation of Canadian Municipalities' Big City Mayors' Caucus to ensure that there is support for community-level prevention and enforcement efforts.

 

2.  City Council urge the Provincial Government to:

 

a.  restore funding to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board;

 

b.  restore funding to the Community Safety and Well-Being Plan;

 

c.  take actions, particularly within the Ministry of Health's Mental Health and Addictions portfolios, to address the interrelated challenges of substance use and mental health issues, including prevention, treatment, and community support programs;

 

d.  adopt Bill 129, An Act to amend the Health Insurance Act and the Health Protection and Promotion Act in respect of addressing gun violence and its impacts, which will increase access to hospital-based violence interventions and affordable trauma-informed mental health supports to individuals exposed to violence, and amend this Bill to include that trauma-informed mental health supports be located in accessible community settings;

 

e.  ban the sale of ammunition in the City of Toronto; and

 

f.  focus and strengthen the strict implementation of laws over gun sales and the inspection of gun dealers and shooting ranges.

 

3.  City Council request Statistics Canada to collect representative data on the exposure to community violence at the municipal level through their national surveys, including the Canadian Community Health Survey and the Canadian Health Survey on Children and Youth, to enable the analysis of the health and other impacts of community violence.

 

4.  City Council request City Divisions and encourage the Provincial and Federal Governments to use the social determinants of health in applications for projects funded through granting programs/strategies, including the federal National Crime Prevention Strategy.

 

5.  City Council require City Divisions to adjust the "Equity Impact Statements" in their staff reports to reveal a more direct correlation with the "Financial Impact" sections for every recommendation brought before City Council for information and consideration.

 

6.  City Council request the City of Toronto's Confronting Anti-Black Racism Unit to consider the report (October 23, 2019) from the Medical Officer of Health for its programs and services.

 

7.  City Council request all Toronto School Boards to add questions about exposure to community violence in their school climate surveys or to use other research tools to provide baseline data for Toronto Public Health and Social Development, Finance and Administration to support the development of culturally-sensitive programs that deal with the effects of community violence, including counselling programs for unspoken trauma and community trauma stemming from community violence to be delivered by community and social services organizations.

 

8.  City Council forward this Item to the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, the Big City Mayors' Caucus, the Ontario Anti-Racism Directorate, the Toronto Police Services Board, all Toronto School Boards, the Toronto Region Board of Trade, Public Health Ontario, the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police, the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, the Provincial Ministers of the Solicitor General, the Attorney General, Children, Community and Social Services, Education, Health, and Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade, and the Federal Ministers of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction, Public Safety Canada and Emergency Preparedness, Health, and Families, Children and Social Development.

Background Information (Board)

(October 23, 2019) Report from the Medical Officer of Health on Community Violence in Toronto - A Public Health Approach
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139315.pdf
Attachment 1 - Community Violence in Toronto - Trends and Selected Demographic Patterns
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139316.pdf
Attachment 2 - A Review of Local Research on the Impacts of Community Violence
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139317.pdf
Attachment 3 - Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Community Violence
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139318.pdf
Attachment 4 - Community Violence Prevention: The Effectiveness of Child and Youth Interventions - Review of the Evidence (September 2019)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139319.pdf
Attachment 5 - Resilience and Coping: The Effectiveness of Community-Based Group Mental Health Interventions After a Critical Incident - Review of the Evidence (September 2019)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139320.pdf
Attachment 6 - Evidence Review of Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Programs and Preliminary Assessment of their Feasibility in the Toronto Context (July 2019)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139321.pdf
Attachment 7 - Summary of Consultations on Future Research to Examine the Impacts of Community Violence
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139322.pdf

Communications (Board)

(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Scott Perron (HL.New.HL11.1.1)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Russ Nodder (HL.New.HL11.1.2)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Brendan Christie (HL.New.HL11.1.3)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Robert Perfitt (HL.New.HL11.1.4)
(November 6, 2019) E-mail from Juan Alvarado (HL.New.HL11.1.5)
(November 7, 2019) E-mail from Dr. Matthew Guttman, University of Toronto (HL.New.HL11.1.6)
(November 7, 2019) E-mail from Dominic Hay (HL.New.HL11.1.7)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Jay Miller (HL.New.HL11.1.8)
(November 10, 2019) E-mail from Volodymyr Sivkov (HL.New.HL11.1.9)
(November 6, 2019) E-mail from John Magee (HL.New.HL11.1.10)
(November 10, 2019) Submission from Charles J. Zach, Canada's National Firearms Association (HL.New.HL11.1.11)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99007.pdf
(November 11, 2019) Submission from Gary Thompson (HL.New.HL11.1.12)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99008.pdf
(November 11, 2019) E-mail from Alison Irons (HL.New.HL11.1.13)
(November 12, 2019) E-mail from Emily Brown (HL.New.HL11.1.14)
(November 11, 2019) Submission from Liben Gebremikael, TAIBU Community Health Centre (HL.New.HL11.1.15)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99017.pdf
(November 12, 2019) Submission from Alison de Groot, on behalf of the Board of Directors, Canadian Sporting Arms and Ammunition Association (HL.New.HL11.1.16)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-98996.pdf
(November 12, 2019) E-mail from Ivo Biancucci (HL.New.HL11.1.17)
(November 12, 2019) Submission from Dr. Gregory J. Mosdossy, Doctors for Firearm Safety and Responsibility (HL.New.HL11.1.18)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99020.pdf
(November 12, 2019) Submission from Floydeen Charles-Fridal, Caribbean African Canadian Social Services (HL.New.HL11.1.19)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-98998.pdf

Communications (City Council)

(November 13, 2019) E-mail from Anthon Pang (CC.Main.HL11.1.20)
(November 20, 2019) Submission from Charles Zach (CC.Supp.HL11.1.21)
(November 20, 2019) E-mail from Richard Wakefield (CC.Supp.HL11.1.22)
(November 21, 2019) E-mail from Joe Esteves (CC.Supp.HL11.1.23)
(November 19, 2019) E-mail from Ivo Biancucci (CC.Supp.HL11.1.24)
(November 21, 2019) E-mail from Andrew Walsh (CC.Supp.HL11.1.25)
(November 21, 2019) E-mail from Gerald Brown (CC.Supp.HL11.1.26)
(November 13, 2019) E-mail from John Magee (CC.Supp.HL11.1.27)
(November 21, 2019) E-mail from Mike Mara (CC.Supp.HL11.1.28)
(November 22, 2019) E-mail from Walid El-Sayed (CC.Supp.HL11.1.29)
(November 22, 2019) E-mail from Nicolas Johnson (CC.Supp.HL11.1.30)
(November 25, 2019) E-mail from Alison de Groot, Managing Director, Canadian Sporting Arms and Ammunition Association, on behalf of the Board of Directors and Member Businesses (CC.Supp.HL11.1.31)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/cc/comm/communicationfile-99313.pdf
(November 25, 2019) E-mail from Mike Prce (CC.New.HL11.1.32)
(November 24, 2019) Letter from Wesley Crichlow (CC.New.HL11.1.33)
(November 25, 2019) E-mail from John (CC.New.HL11.1.34)
(November 25, 2019) E-mail from Keith Morrison (CC.New.HL11.1.35)
(November 26, 2019) E-mail from Emily Brown (CC.New.HL11.1.36)
(November 26, 2019) Letter from Scott Gorry on behalf of Doctors for Firearm Safety and Responsibility (CC.New.HL11.1.37)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/cc/comm/communicationfile-99335.pdf
(November 26, 2019) E-mail from Rida Mirza (CC.New.HL11.1.38)
(November 25, 2019) Letter from Sheldon Clare, President, Canada's National Firearms Association (CC.New.HL11.1.39)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/cc/comm/communicationfile-99347.pdf

Motions (City Council)

Motion to Adopt Item (Carried)

Adoption of Board of Health Recommendation 1a only:

 

1.  City Council urge the Federal Government to:

 

a.  prohibit the availability, sale, possession, and use of handguns, assault rifles, semi-automatic military assault weapons, and parts that are used to build firearms in Canada; and

Vote (Adopt Item) Nov-26-2019 2:57 PM

Result: Carried Majority Required - HL11.1 - Adoption of Board of Health Recommendation 1a only
Total members that voted Yes: 21 Members that voted Yes are Paul Ainslie, Ana Bail„o, Brad Bradford, Shelley Carroll, Mike Colle, Gary Crawford, Joe Cressy, John Filion, Paula Fletcher, Mark Grimes, Jim Karygiannis, Cynthia Lai, Mike Layton, Josh Matlow, Jennifer McKelvie, Denzil Minnan-Wong, Frances Nunziata (Chair), James Pasternak, Gord Perks, John Tory, Kristyn Wong-Tam
Total members that voted No: 2 Members that voted No are Michael Ford, Stephen Holyday
Total members that were Absent: 3 Members that were absent are Anthony Perruzza, Jaye Robinson, Michael Thompson

Motion to Adopt Item (Carried)

Adoption of Board of Health Recommendation 2e only:

 

2.  City Council urge the Provincial Government to:

 

e.  ban the sale of ammunition in the City of Toronto; and

Vote (Adopt Item) Nov-26-2019 2:58 PM

Result: Carried Majority Required - HL11.1 - Adoption of Board of Health Recommendation 2e only
Total members that voted Yes: 22 Members that voted Yes are Paul Ainslie, Ana Bail„o, Brad Bradford, Shelley Carroll, Mike Colle, Gary Crawford, Joe Cressy, John Filion, Paula Fletcher, Mark Grimes, Jim Karygiannis, Cynthia Lai, Mike Layton, Josh Matlow, Jennifer McKelvie, Denzil Minnan-Wong, Frances Nunziata (Chair), James Pasternak, Gord Perks, Anthony Perruzza, John Tory, Kristyn Wong-Tam
Total members that voted No: 2 Members that voted No are Michael Ford, Stephen Holyday
Total members that were Absent: 2 Members that were absent are Jaye Robinson, Michael Thompson

Motion to Adopt Item (Carried)

Adoption of the balance of the Item.

Vote (Adopt Item) Nov-26-2019 2:59 PM

Result: Carried Majority Required - HL11.1 - Adoption of the balance of the Item.
Total members that voted Yes: 25 Members that voted Yes are Paul Ainslie, Ana Bail„o, Brad Bradford, Shelley Carroll, Mike Colle, Gary Crawford, Joe Cressy, John Filion, Paula Fletcher, Michael Ford, Mark Grimes, Stephen Holyday, Jim Karygiannis, Cynthia Lai, Mike Layton, Josh Matlow, Jennifer McKelvie, Denzil Minnan-Wong, Frances Nunziata (Chair), James Pasternak, Gord Perks, Anthony Perruzza, Michael Thompson, John Tory, Kristyn Wong-Tam
Total members that voted No: 0 Members that voted No are
Total members that were Absent: 1 Members that were absent are Jaye Robinson

Point of Order by Councillor Joe Cressy

Councillor Cressy, rising on a Point of Order, stated that if there are questions that should be directed to Toronto Police Service, perhaps Council should stand down consideration of the Item in order to ensure that Toronto Police Service staff are present, as Council did last month.


Point of Order by Councillor Michael Thompson

Councillor Thompson, rising on a Point of Order, stated that his question should be answered by informed staff members, not necessarily by Toronto Police Service Staff, but that he could stand his question down for a moment and maybe get an answer offline.

HL11.1 - Community Violence in Toronto - A Public Health Approach

Decision Type:
ACTION
Status:
Amended
Wards:
All

Board Recommendations

The Board of Health recommends that:

 

1.  City Council urge the federal government to:

 

a.  prohibit the availability, sale, possession, and use of handguns, assault rifles, semi-automatic military assault weapons, and parts that are used to build firearms in Canada; and

 

b.  adequately fund their Initiative to Take Action Against Gun and Gang Violence and consult with the Federation of Canadian Municipalities' Big City Mayors' Caucus to ensure that there is support for community-level prevention and enforcement efforts.

 

2.  City Council urge the provincial government to:

 

a.  restore funding to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board;

 

b.  restore funding to the Community Safety and Well-Being Plan;

 

c.  take actions, particularly within the Ministry of Health's Mental Health and Addictions portfolios, to address the interrelated challenges of substance use and mental health issues, including prevention, treatment, and community support programs;

 

d.  adopt Bill 129, An Act to amend the Health Insurance Act and the Health Protection and Promotion Act in respect of addressing gun violence and its impacts, which will increase access to hospital-based violence interventions and affordable trauma-informed mental health supports to individuals exposed to violence, and amend this Bill to include that trauma-informed mental health supports be located in accessible community settings;

 

e.  ban the sale of ammunition in the City of Toronto; and

 

f.  focus and strengthen the strict implementation of laws over gun sales and the inspection of gun dealers and shooting ranges.

 

3.  City Council request Statistics Canada to collect representative data on the exposure to community violence at the municipal level through their national surveys, including the Canadian Community Health Survey and the Canadian Health Survey on Children and Youth, to enable the analysis of the health and other impacts of community violence.

 

4.  City Council request City Divisions and encourage the provincial and federal governments to use the social determinants of health in applications for projects funded through granting programs/strategies, including the federal National Crime Prevention Strategy.

 

5.  City Council consider requiring City Divisions to adjust the "Equity Impact Statements" in their staff reports to reveal a more direct correlation with the "Financial Impact" sections for every recommendation brought before City Council for information and consideration.

 

6.  City Council request the City of Toronto's Confronting Anti-Black Racism Unit to consider the report (October 23, 2019) from the Medical Officer of Health for their programs and services.

 

7.  City Council request all Toronto school boards to add questions about exposure to community violence in their school climate surveys or to use other research tools to provide baseline data for Toronto Public Health and Social Development, Finance and Administration to support the development of culturally-sensitive programs that deal with the effects of community violence, including counselling programs for unspoken trauma and community trauma stemming from community violence to be delivered by community and social services organizations.

 

8.  City Council forward the report (October 23, 2019) from the Medical Officer of Health to the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, the Big City Mayors' Caucus, the Ontario Anti-Racism Directorate, the Toronto Police Services Board, all Toronto school boards, the Toronto Region Board of Trade, Public Health Ontario, the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police, the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, the provincial Ministers of the Solicitor General, the Attorney General, Children, Community and Social Services, Education, Health, and Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade, and the federal Ministers of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction, Public Safety Canada and Emergency Preparedness, Health, and Families, Children and Social Development.

Decision Advice and Other Information

The Board of Health:

 

1.  Requested the Medical Officer of Health to:

 

a.  work with the Deputy City Manager, Community and Social Services, to identify, collect, and review disaggregated socio-demographic and race-based data on the impacts of community violence for appropriate action by Toronto Public Health and other City Divisions and report to the Board of Health annually;

 

b.  work with the Executive Director, Social Development, Finance and Administration, and community agencies and other voluntary organizations to inform the Community Safety and Well-Being Plan by bringing a public health perspective, informed by health equity, health promotion, anti-racism, trauma-informed care, and adverse childhood experiences, and identifying other relevant issues;

 

c.  work with the General Manager, Children's Services, and the Executive Director, Social Development, Finance and Administration, on including a child and youth component in the Community Safety and Well-Being Plan and engaging children and youth in the development process;

 

d.  implement gun violence and health intervention programs and services within the public health mandate that support the Social Development, Finance and Administration Division, in partnership with community agencies and voluntary organizations; and

 

e.  report on the connections between social inclusion and gun violence and the feasibility of a municipal declaration of "a right to belong", in consultation with the Executive Director, Social Development, Finance and Administration.

Origin

(October 23, 2019) Report from the Medical Officer of Health

Summary

This report responds to requests from the Board of Health for the Medical Officer of Health to report on a number of issues related to community violence in Toronto. This includes examining the extent of community violence, the impact on the broader community, and identifying effective evidence-informed interventions to prevent incidents of community violence and mitigate negative impacts of violence at the community level.

 

Community violence is defined as intentional acts of interpersonal violence often committed in public areas by individuals who are not intimately related to the victim. Common types of community violence include individual or group conflicts, such as fights among gangs and other groups, use of weapons, and shootings in public areas. This can be due to various circumstances, including retaliation or fights in relation to illicit activity. Evidence shows that community violence often occurs among young people, particularly men, and is a health equity issue that disproportionately affects communities facing socio-economic disadvantage.

 

Community safety is of primary concern to Toronto Public Health (TPH). A review of local data shows that while police-reported community violence decreased between 2009 and 2017, it has increased in recent years. Firearm-related violent crime in Toronto has increased, among youth and adults. Community violence has physical and mental health impacts on the victim, perpetrator, family, friends, neighbours, and the entire city. Many intersecting social and economic factors contribute to this complex issue of growing public health concern.

 

Population-level data gaps prevent us from seeing a complete picture of community violence in the city. Data limitations include lack of socio-demographic information to examine experiences of different groups, underreporting of incidents of community violence, and a lack of population survey data on the physical and mental health impacts of exposure to violence. TPH is exploring opportunities and has taken steps to help fill some of these gaps through existing surveys.

Background Information

(October 23, 2019) Report from the Medical Officer of Health on Community Violence in Toronto - A Public Health Approach
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139315.pdf
Attachment 1 - Community Violence in Toronto - Trends and Selected Demographic Patterns
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139316.pdf
Attachment 2 - A Review of Local Research on the Impacts of Community Violence
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139317.pdf
Attachment 3 - Risk and Protective Factors Associated with Community Violence
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139318.pdf
Attachment 4 - Community Violence Prevention: The Effectiveness of Child and Youth Interventions - Review of the Evidence (September 2019)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139319.pdf
Attachment 5 - Resilience and Coping: The Effectiveness of Community-Based Group Mental Health Interventions After a Critical Incident - Review of the Evidence (September 2019)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139320.pdf
Attachment 6 - Evidence Review of Hospital-Based Violence Intervention Programs and Preliminary Assessment of their Feasibility in the Toronto Context (July 2019)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139321.pdf
Attachment 7 - Summary of Consultations on Future Research to Examine the Impacts of Community Violence
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/bgrd/backgroundfile-139322.pdf

Communications

(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Scott Perron (HL.New.HL11.1.1)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Russ Nodder (HL.New.HL11.1.2)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Brendan Christie (HL.New.HL11.1.3)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Robert Perfitt (HL.New.HL11.1.4)
(November 6, 2019) E-mail from Juan Alvarado (HL.New.HL11.1.5)
(November 7, 2019) E-mail from Dr. Matthew Guttman, University of Toronto (HL.New.HL11.1.6)
(November 7, 2019) E-mail from Dominic Hay (HL.New.HL11.1.7)
(November 5, 2019) E-mail from Jay Miller (HL.New.HL11.1.8)
(November 10, 2019) E-mail from Volodymyr Sivkov (HL.New.HL11.1.9)
(November 6, 2019) E-mail from John Magee (HL.New.HL11.1.10)
(November 10, 2019) Submission from Charles J. Zach, Canada's National Firearms Association (HL.New.HL11.1.11)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99007.pdf
(November 11, 2019) Submission from Gary Thompson (HL.New.HL11.1.12)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99008.pdf
(November 11, 2019) E-mail from Alison Irons (HL.New.HL11.1.13)
(November 12, 2019) E-mail from Emily Brown (HL.New.HL11.1.14)
(November 11, 2019) Submission from Liben Gebremikael, TAIBU Community Health Centre (HL.New.HL11.1.15)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99017.pdf
(November 12, 2019) Submission from Alison de Groot, on behalf of the Board of Directors, Canadian Sporting Arms and Ammunition Association (HL.New.HL11.1.16)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-98996.pdf
(November 12, 2019) E-mail from Ivo Biancucci (HL.New.HL11.1.17)
(November 12, 2019) Submission from Dr. Gregory J. Mosdossy, Doctors for Firearm Safety and Responsibility (HL.New.HL11.1.18)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-99020.pdf
(November 12, 2019) Submission from Floydeen Charles-Fridal, Caribbean African Canadian Social Services (HL.New.HL11.1.19)
https://www.toronto.ca/legdocs/mmis/2019/hl/comm/communicationfile-98998.pdf

Speakers

Dr. Annette Bailey, Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University
Dr. Wesley Crichlow, Ontario Tech University and Partnership and Accountability Circle, Confronting Anti-Black Racism Unit, City of Toronto
Aisha Francis, Project: Restore FIBI (Families Impacted By Incarceration)
Gary Thompson
Audette Shephard, United Mothers Opposing Violence Everywhere
Alison de Groot, Canadian Sporting Arms and Ammunition Association
Liben Gebremikael, TAIBU Community Health Centre
Dr. Gregory J. Mosdossy, Doctors for Firearm Safety and Responsibility
Charles J. Zach, Canadaís National Firearms Association
Brandy Tanenbaum, Tory Trauma Program, Centre for Injury Prevention, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
Dr. Wendy Cukier, Ted Rogers School of Management, Ryerson University
Dr. Najma Ahmed, St. Michael's Hospital
Dr. Kevin Chan, The Hospital for Sick Children
Dr. Colin Sue-Chue-Lam, St. Michael's Hospital
Evelyn Fox, Communities for Zero Violence
Ken Price, Danforth Families for Safe Communities
Chris Glover, Member of Provincial Parliament, Spadina-Fort York
Jasmine Ramze Rezaee, YWCA Toronto
Floydeen Charles-Fridal, Caribbean African Canadian Social Services
Louis March, Zero Gun Violence Movement
Marcell Wilson, The One By One Movement Inc.
Julien Christian Lutz, Operation Prefrontal Cortex
Patience Evbagharu, City Youth Council of Toronto
Eddy Martinez, Helping Offenders on Probation Excel Program, Yonge Street Mission
Patricia Dunn, School of Social Work, Ryerson University
Habiba Adan, Positive Change

Motions

1 - Motion to Amend Item (Additional) moved by Kate Mulligan (Carried)

That the Board of Health amend Recommendations 1, 2, 4, and 9 so that they now read as follows:

 

1.  The Board of Health request the Medical Officer of Health to work with the Deputy City Manager, Community and Social Services, to identify, collect, and review disaggregated socio-demographic and race-based data on the impacts of community violence for appropriate action by Toronto Public Health and other City Divisions.

 

2.  The Board of Health request the Medical Officer of Health to work with the Executive Director, Social Development, Finance and Administration, and community agencies and other voluntary organizations to inform the Community Safety and Well-Being Plan by bringing a public health perspective, informed by health equity, health promotion, anti-racism, trauma-informed care, and adverse childhood experiences, and identifying other relevant issues.

 

4.  The Board of Health urge the provincial government to adopt Bill 129, An Act to amend the Health Insurance Act and the Health Protection and Promotion Act in respect of addressing gun violence and its impacts, which will increase access to hospital-based violence interventions and affordable trauma-informed mental health supports to individuals exposed to violence, and to amend this Bill to include that trauma-informed mental health supports be located in accessible community settings.

 

9.  The Board of Health forward this report to the Ontario Anti-Racism Directorate, the Toronto Police Services Board, all Toronto school boards, the Toronto Region Board of Trade, Public Health Ontario, the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police, the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, the provincial Ministers of the Solicitor General, the Attorney General, Children, Community and Social Services, Education, Health, and Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade, and the federal Ministers of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction, Public Safety Canada and Emergency Preparedness, Health, and Families, Children and Social Development.


2 - Motion to Amend Item (Additional) moved by Kate Mulligan (Carried)

That:

 

1.  The Board of Health request the Medical Officer of Health to implement gun violence and health intervention programs and services within the public health mandate that support the Social Development, Finance and Administration Division, in partnership with community agencies and voluntary organizations.

 

2.  The Board of Health request the Medical Officer of Health, in consultation with the Executive Director, Social Development, Finance and Administration, to report on the connections between social inclusion and gun violence and the feasibility of a municipal declaration of "a right to belong".

 

3.  City Council request the City of Toronto's Confronting Anti-Black Racism Unit to consider this report for their programs and services.


3 - Motion to Amend Item (Additional) moved by Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam (Carried)

That the Board of Health amend Recommendations 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9 so that they now read as follows:

 

1.  The Board of Health request the Medical Officer of Health to work with the Deputy City Manager, Community and Social Services, to identify, collect, and review data on the impacts of community violence for appropriate action by Toronto Public Health and other City Divisions and to report to the Board of Health annually.

 

4.  City CouncilThe Board of Health urge the provincial government to:

 

a.  restore funding to the Criminal Injuries Compensation Board;

 

b.  restore funding to the Community Safety and Well-Being Plan;

 

c.  take actions, particularly within the Ministry of Health's Mental Health and Addictions portfolios, to address the interrelated challenges of substance use and mental health issues, including prevention, treatment, and community support programs; and

 

d.  adopt Bill 129, An Act to amend the Health Insurance Act and the Health Protection and Promotion Act in respect of addressing gun violence and its impacts, which will increase access to hospital-based violence interventions and affordable trauma-informed mental health supports to individuals exposed to violence.

 

5.  City CouncilThe Board of Health urge the provincial government to ban the sale of handgun ammunition in the City of Toronto., consistent with its City Council's decision in June 2019 on Item EX6.7, City Powers to Regulate Firearms and Ammunition and Update on Related Initiatives.

 

6.  City CouncilThe Board of Health urge the federal government to prohibit the availability, sale, possession, and use of handguns, assault rifles, and semi-automatic firearms military assault weapons, and parts that are used to build firearms in Canada.consistent with City Council's decision in June 2019 on Item EX6.7, City Powers to Regulate Firearms and Ammunition and Update on Related Initiatives.

 

7.  City CouncilThe Board of Health request City Divisions and encourage the provincial and federal governments to use identify and assess criteria for addressing the social determinants of health in applications for projects funded through its National Crime Prevention granting programs/strategiesy, including the federal National Crime Prevention Strategy.

 

8.  City CouncilThe Board of Health request Statistics Canada to collect representative data on the exposure to community violence at the municipal level through their national surveys, including the Canadian Community Health Survey and the Canadian Health Survey on Children and Youth, to enable the analysis of the health and other impacts of community violence.

 

9.  City CouncilThe Board of Health forward this report to the Federation of Canadian Municipalities, the Big City Mayors' Caucus, the Toronto Police Services Board, all Toronto school boards, the Toronto Region Board of Trade, Public Health Ontario, the Ontario Association of Chiefs of Police, the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police, the provincial Ministers of the Solicitor General, the Attorney General, Children, Community and Social Services, Education, Health, and Economic Development, Job Creation and Trade, and the federal Ministers of Border Security and Organized Crime Reduction, Public Safety Canada and Emergency Preparedness, Health, and Families, Children and Social Development.


4 - Motion to Amend Item (Additional) moved by Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam (Carried)

That:

 

1.  City Council consider requiring City Divisions to adjust the "Equity Impact Statements" in their staff reports to reveal a more direct correlation with the "Financial Impact" sections for every recommendation brought before City Council for information and consideration.

 

2.  City Council request all Toronto school boards to add questions about exposure to community violence in their school climate surveys or to use other research tools to provide baseline data for Toronto Public Health and Social Development, Finance and Administration to support the development of culturally-sensitive programs that deal with the effects of community violence, including counselling programs for unspoken trauma and community trauma stemming from community violence to be delivered by community and social services organizations.

 

3.  City Council urge the federal government to adequately fund their Initiative to Take Action Against Gun and Gang Violence and to consult with the Federation of Canadian Municipalities' Big City Mayors' Caucus to ensure that there is support for community-level prevention and enforcement efforts.

 

4.  City Council urge the provincial government to focus and strengthen the strict implementation of laws over gun sales and the inspection of gun dealers and shooting ranges.


5 - Motion to Adopt Item as Amended moved by Councillor Kristyn Wong-Tam (Carried)
Source: Toronto City Clerk at www.toronto.ca/council